In the Post-World War II era, an estimated 11 million people were displaced, enveloping the international community in chaos as they struggled to find a permanent home for these civilians.
Topic 1 - Refugees and Surplus Population
In 1951, the International Organization for Migration was established with the goal of facilitating European recovery after World War II by creating a safety valve to enable persons to immigrate from countries with manpower to countries lacking manpower. After the war, nearly every region was left decimated, from Africa and the Middle East to Latin America. The IOM is taking on the vast responsibility of settling refugees and the surplus population, with personalized approaches being tailored to each affected region.
Topic 2 - Migration and Economic Development
After World War II, postwar economic recovery and the generation of employment in Europe progressively solved the problems linked to Europe’s surplus of population, leading to a decrease in European outward migration. The Intergovernmental Committee for European Migration placed a focus on creating alternative opportunities for international migration, including programs for refugees. In this context, the IOM has chosen to focus on how the committee can increase job opportunities and create resolutions to encourage migrants and refugees in new working markets.