In the international criminal justice system, the law is represented by two separate yet equally important groups: The Counsel, who represents the disputes, and the Justices, who determine the offenders. These are their stories.
The International Court of Justice (lCJ), commonly referred to as The Hague, is the primary judicial branch of the United Nations established by the UN Charter in 1945. The ICJ was created to address a wide range of issues and disputes between member nations, including disputes over territorial and maritime boundaries, diplomatic tensions, the right of asylum, terms of nationality, and economic rights. The ICJ’s jurisdiction, as a part of the United Nations, covers almost every nation and region on earth, and the bench of the ICJ is deliberately composed of judges from around the world to ensure a global and unbiased perspective on often contentious cases presented between states. The ICJ produces a binding ruling to which the states present in the court must abide.The ICJ decides disputes according to international law as reflected in a variety of ways, including: international conventions, general principles of law, international custom, judicial decisions, and expert writings international law. Although the judges deliberate in secret, their verdicts are delivered in open court.